CCTV: Within the World Mental Property Group (WIPO)’s World Innovation Index 2022 launched in September 29, China ranks the eleventh, up by one place in comparison with final yr. Do you might have any remark?
Mao Ning: Truly, China’s rating within the World Innovation Index has gone up steadily for 10 consecutive years. It moved up by 23 locations inside 10 years from the thirty fourth in 2012 to the eleventh in 2022. That is the newest instance of “China velocity” and a mirrored image of China’s achievement in mental property (IP) safety.
China attaches nice significance to scientific and technological innovation, actively integrates itself into the worldwide innovation community, and strictly protects IP rights. China has blazed a path of IP improvement with Chinese language traits. From 2012 to 2021, China’s analysis and improvement (R&D) spending elevated from 1.03 trillion yuan to 2.79 trillion yuan, with the ratio of whole nationwide R&D expenditures to GDP leaping from 1.91% to 2.44%. The total-time equal of R&D personnel in China has exceeded 5 million person-years, rating first on this planet for years working. Public satisfaction over China’s IP safety hit a record-high rating of 80.61 out of 100, up from 63.69.
Scientific and technological innovation is a robust driving pressure for the event and progress of human society. No nation can turn out to be an innovation hub all by itself or maintain all of the outcomes of innovation to itself. China just isn’t solely an vital participant in cutting-edge innovation globally, but additionally an vital contributor to joint efforts to resolve world points. In Could this yr, agreements together with the Hague Settlement Regarding the Worldwide Registration of Industrial Designs entered into pressure in China, marking China’s accession to virtually all main worldwide IP conventions. The WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Shanghai Service was established to additional strengthen exchanges and cooperation in cross-border IP dispute settlement.
China will proceed to step up cooperation with international locations in scientific and technological innovation with extra openness, take an energetic half in world IP governance, and make better contribution to the balanced, inclusive and sustainable improvement of world IP safety.
AFP: President Biden introduced to offer greater than $800 million for the Pacific Islands and mentioned that the safety of the US and the world depends upon the safety of the Pacific Islands. What’s China’s remark?
Mao Ning: We now have famous that President Biden attended the US-Pacific Island Nation Summit and that the US expressed its need to reinforce its presence within the area. I want to emphasize China’s openness to the rise of regular trade and cooperation between Pacific Island Nations (PICs) and international locations taken with doing so. That being mentioned, PICs should not be considered as chess items in any contest between main powers. We hope the US will genuinely assist PICs in responding to local weather change and realizing improvement and revitalization, as a substitute of participating in geopolitical jostling within the identify of cooperation, nonetheless much less introducing bloc confrontation to the Pacific Islands area.
Bloomberg: Simply associated to that earlier query. On condition that China hasn’t managed to reach at the same settlement with the Pacific Island Nations, can we anticipate the doubling of China’s efforts to interact with the area now that the US has signed this initiative with the international locations and made this pledge to the international locations within the Pacific?
Mao Ning: China attaches excessive significance to growing relations with PICs. We at all times adhere to the precept that every one international locations, no matter measurement, are all equal. We absolutely respect the sovereignty and can of PICs. Our cooperation is open, clear and above-board with no political strings hooked up. We by no means impose our will on others or goal any third occasion. Our cooperation has been warmly welcomed by PICs and may stand the take a look at of time and historical past. We is not going to interact in geopolitical jostling within the identify of cooperation.
Shenzhen TV: In accordance with studies, the 20,000th sea-rail intermodal prepare of the brand new western land-sea hall arrived at Tuanjiecun Station in Chongqing not way back carrying cargo together with Vietnamese trunkings and calcium carbonate. May you provide extra info on the cross-border cooperation beneath this hall?
Mao Ning: The brand new western land-sea hall is a crucial artery, which covers all of the provinces, autonomous areas and municipality in western China and connects ASEAN and the Eurasia continent. It is a crucial financial hall for China-ASEAN commerce.
Because the working of the primary sea-rail intermodal prepare of the brand new western land-sea hall, the variety of journeys by this prepare service has risen at an accelerated tempo. The service ran its first 10,000 journeys over a interval of 1,461 days and it took the service solely 487 days for its second 10,000 journeys. Through the first half of this yr, 2,705 journeys had been made, transporting 269,000 TEUs of products, a year-on-year improve of 112% and 319% respectively. As we speak, this hall goes via 111 stations in 59 cities of 16 Chinese language provinces. It connects seamlessly with the China-Europe Railway Specific and reaches 335 ports in 113 international locations and areas all over the world. Its cargo selection has elevated from a number of dozens to start with to 640 classes at this time. The hall has considerably improved the effectivity and lowered the price of worldwide logistics, which advantages China, ASEAN and different RCEP members.
The brand new western land-sea hall gives a brand new engine for Belt and Highway cooperation. It’s a vivid illustration of China’s dedication to greater degree of opening-up. We consider this hall, which signifies openness, cooperation and customary improvement, will proceed to carry extra improvement alternatives for China and different regional international locations.
Reuters: Simply to circle again on this summit the US held with the Pacific Island Nations. After the conclusion of the summit, President Biden mentioned on Thursday that the US will work more durable to fulfill the wants of Pacific Island Nations. He didn’t point out China in his remarks on Thursday, however through the summit, the US did launch a paper detailing its imaginative and prescient for US ties with Pacific Island Nations. And it did say in that paper that one of many challenges going through the area was strain and financial coercion from China. Does the international ministry have any touch upon this?
Mao Ning: China by no means engages in financial coercion. In growing relations with PICs, China at all times adheres to the precept that every one international locations, huge or small, are equal. We absolutely respect the sovereignty and can of PICs. We by no means connect any political strings or impose our will on anybody. We firmly reject the US’s vilification and denigration.
Beijing Youth Each day: In accordance with studies,Pakistani Overseas Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari took an interview with Overseas Coverage on September 27. In response to a remark that “China hasn’t fairly come to Pakistan’s support in a giant approach this yr” when the floods hit,he mentioned “that’s completely incorrect”. He added that “So far as serving to Pakistan, China has helped Pakistan every time we’ve been in tough instances… Lifesaving selections for our financial system had been made in the beginning by China so far as our floods are involved—not solely the instant support aid but additionally so far as our mortgage funds are involved.” Do you might have any remark?
Mao Ning: We’ve famous the remarks by Overseas Minister Bilawal Bhutto Zardari. They mirror the sturdy friendship and deep mutual belief between China and Pakistan, which outline our relationships. China and Pakistan are neighbors linked by mountains and rivers. Our futures are linked collectively. From the devastating floods in 2010 to the locust assault in 2021 in Pakistan, and from the 2008 Wenchuan mega-earthquake to this yr’s Luding earthquake in Sichuan province, China and Pakistan have at all times stood collectively and are available to one another’s support. China has at all times been among the many first to offer Pakistan our full assist when the nation is confronted both by pure disasters or financial and monetary challenges.
There are two issues price noting about China’s help to Pakistan within the wake of the current floods. One is the notable velocity, scale and depth of our help. The Chinese language authorities determined to offer RMB400 million price of humanitarian help to Pakistan. China promptly collected all the availability reserves saved beneath the social and livelihood cooperation framework of the China-Pakistan Financial Hall and delivered it to Pakistan for catastrophe aid. We offered emergency money help to Pakistan, shared real-time climate forecast and shortly delivered urgently wanted provides equivalent to tents and greens to Pakistan via air, land and sea transportation. The opposite is that our help has been a whole-of-government, whole-of-society and all-dimensional effort. A complete of 125 million yuan price of donations and flood-relief provides have been raised by pleasant sub-national governments, firms and charitable people. China’s civilian rescue groups have volunteered to help in Pakistan, and even main faculty college students have donated their pocket cash. China and Pakistan are really brothers who share weal and woe and type a group with a shared future. China-Pakistan friendship is vibrant and deeply rooted within the hearts of the 2 peoples.
At current, China and Pakistan are in shut communication on the supply of aid provides into the arms of the individuals in want and post-disaster reconstruction. China will proceed to face firmly with Pakistan and cherish our iron-clad friendship as we tackle dangers and challenges collectively. We even have full confidence that the Pakistani authorities and folks will prevail over the floods and rebuild their houses quickly.
Bloomberg: Two US lawmakers are calling on the State Division to save lots of paperwork which can be linked to what they name the “confinement” of greater than a dozen American diplomats in China throughout COVID-19. These Republican lawmakers are saying that China’s “confinement” of American diplomats might probably represent a nationwide safety concern. Does the international ministry have any touch upon this?
Mao Ning: I assume what you name “confinement” is the truth is the quarantine measures designed to stave off COVID-19. Let me stress that China’s COVID containment strategies are science-based and efficient. They’re utilized to Chinese language and international nationals coming to China alike. Our COVID coverage relies on openness and transparency. All common US vacationers, US officers paying short-term visits, and personnel of the US embassy and consulates in China have come to China after having discovered about and accepted China’s COVID measures together with pre-departure protocols and post-entry medical remark and well being monitoring. They skilled no such factor as “confinement”.
The remarks and narrative of the US lawmakers are merely far-fetched and groundless. They mirror the deeply flawed notion that some US lawmakers have of China and a extreme diploma of “China-phobia”.
Reuters: The US on Thursday imposed sanctions on firms it accused of involvement in Iran’s petrochemical and petroleum commerce. This consists of firms primarily based in China. Does the international ministry have any touch upon this?
Mao Ning: China has at all times been firmly against unlawful and unjustifiable unilateral sanctions and so-called long-arm jurisdiction by the US. The worldwide group, together with China, has carried out regular cooperation with Iran throughout the framework of worldwide regulation. That is cheap and lawful with out hurt finished to any third occasion, and deserves to be revered and guarded. The US aspect must abandon the unsuitable follow of resorting to sanctions at each flip and do extra issues which can be conducive to negotiations on resuming compliance with the JCPOA.
NHK: Russian President Vladimir Putin will unilaterally announce at this time the annexation of the 4 Ukrainian areas into Russia. Nonetheless,UN Secretary-Normal Guterres has strongly condemned these unilateral actions. China at all times says that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all international locations must be revered, the needs and ideas of the UN Constitution must be noticed, and efforts must be made to uphold the UN-centered worldwide system. How does China see the acts of Russia?
Mao Ning: China’s place on the Ukraine subject is constant and clear. We consider that every one international locations deserve respect for his or her sovereignty and territorial integrity, that the needs and ideas of the UN Constitution must be noticed, that the respectable safety considerations of any nation must be taken severely, and that assist must be given to all efforts which can be conducive to peacefully resolving the disaster. We hope the events involved will correctly tackle variations via dialogue and session. China stands able to work with members of the worldwide group to proceed to play a constructive half in deescalation efforts.
Yonhap Information Company: In accordance with studies, the DPRK fired two ballistic missiles off the east coast of the Korean Peninsula on September 29, the third such exercise after earlier ones on September 25 and 28. What’s China’s remark?
Mao Ning: We now have famous related international media studies. We now have additionally taken observe that the US and others have carried out a number of joint navy workouts on this area just lately. The crux of the present scenario on the Korean Peninsula is that the respectable and cheap safety considerations of the DPRK haven’t been duly responded to. We hope that every one events involved on the difficulty of the Korean Peninsula will maintain to the route of looking for political settlement and tackle one another’s considerations in a balanced approach via dialogue and session.
Nikkei: The provisional settlement on the appointment of bishops between China and the Vatican will expire quickly. Will or not it’s prolonged? Are the 2 sides in communication over this?
Mao Ning: Since China and the Vatican signed the provisional settlement on the appointment of bishops, the settlement has been efficiently carried out due to the efforts of either side. The 2 sides will proceed with the related work in accordance with the agreed agenda.
In observance of the Nationwide Day Vacation, the MFA common press convention can be adjourned from October 3 (Monday) to October 7 (Friday) and resumed on October 8 (Saturday). Through the recess, you possibly can attain the Spokesperson’s Workplace by fax, electronic mail or WeChat.
Completely satisfied Nationwide Day Vacation!