Report on Migration and Asylum 2022 – World

October 6, 2022


2022 Report on migration and asylum: The adoption of the migration asylum Pact stays key for lasting progress

This report presents key developments within the space of migration and asylum, and it takes inventory of the progress achieved within the New Pact on Migration and Asylum up to now yr. It identifies key challenges forward, highlighting the necessity for additional progress in the direction of a accountable and honest migration administration system within the EU.

From Russia’s conflict towards Ukraine inflicting the biggest compelled displacement of individuals in Europe because the Second World Warfare, to the instrumentalisation of migration for political functions by the Belarusian regime, by way of a pandemic and unprecedented journey restrictions, all alongside continued and even rising stress on conventional migratory routes – the EU has over the past yr been confronted with a collection of challenges with main repercussions for migration, asylum and border administration. In every occasion, the EU has proven itself capable of react rapidly, with concrete solidarity and efficient coordination. Nonetheless, these developments have additionally been a vivid reminder that structural reforms to the EU’s asylum and migration system are wanted to equip the EU to handle each disaster conditions and longer-term tendencies.

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Vice-president Schinas mentioned: “When confronted with dramatic occasions having main repercussions for migration, asylum and border administration, the EU has proven the mixed power and collective political will to behave rapidly and resolutely. Exterior the EU, decided and united EU motion can convey spectacular outcomes. Inside the EU, the sort of solidarity we confirmed to Ukrainians should proceed to be current in our migration debate and to encourage our future actions.”

Commissioner for Residence Affairs, Ylva Johansson, mentioned: “Forward of the upcoming Justice and Residence Affairs Council, the Fee is presenting this report which highlights clearly the pressing have to Europeanise migration coverage. Because the migration response to the unlawful invasion of Ukraine confirmed, a joint European response works. The greater than 4 million Ukrainians who’ve been given sensible, significant assist, would agree. Efficient exterior border controls, whereas respecting elementary rights, serving to these in want and taking care of our long-term labour wants, requires Member States to recognise that we are able to solely make progress on migration coverage by working collectively.”

Situational image

The Fee continues to observe developments alongside the principle migratory routes:

  • The Central Mediterranean route stays probably the most ceaselessly used route. Virtually all arrivals have been to Italy, with Malta seeing a considerable lower.
  • Irregular arrivals alongside the Japanese Mediterranean route doubled in comparison with 2021, principally attributable to heightened migratory stress in Cyprus, which at the moment accounts for roughly 60% of arrivals alongside the route.
  • On the Western Mediterranean/Atlantic route, Algeria and Morocco/Western Sahara stay the principle nations of departure in the direction of mainland Spain and the Canary Islands.
  • Alongside the Western Balkans route, there have been over 86 000 detected irregular border crossings within the first eight months of 2022, practically thrice greater than in 2021 and greater than ten occasions the entire in the identical interval in 2019. Given the sharp improve of arrivals, the Fee is monitoring the state of affairs by way of the Blueprint Community with elevated vigilance and is stepping up engagement with companions within the Western Balkans in addition to with probably the most affected EU Member States to handle the state of affairs.
  • The state of affairs on the Japanese border with Belarus continues to be secure, with a considerably decrease variety of irregular border crossings than on the peak of the instrumentalisation disaster in 2021.

Key findings of the report

In the present day’s report takes inventory of the progress achieved and the important thing developments within the space of migration and asylum over the previous yr, notably highlighting:

  • Unprecedented solidarity with Ukraine: Europe has supplied an unprecedented welcome to hundreds of thousands of individuals fleeing the Russian conflict of aggression towards Ukraine, by way of the first-ever activation of the Short-term Safety Directive; the organising of a Solidarity Platform and the implementation of a 10-point plan for a coordinated European response (see factsheet).
  • Robust exterior border administration: As a core a part of the strategy of the Pact, robust focus has been paid to making sure exterior border administration by way of the implementation of the brand new IT structure and interoperability; essential steps in constructing a standard EU system of return together with by way of the appointment of a Return Coordinator; and enforcement of a strategic and structured visa coverage.
  • Working with worldwide companions: Over the previous yr, the EU has stepped up its work to pursue mutually useful cooperation within the space of migration. The EU is a number one international actor and donor in enhancing the safety and help to forcibly displaced individuals and their hosts, saving lives and laying the foundations for sturdy options. On the identical time, there was progress in addressing problems with returns, readmission, border administration and smuggling networks in partnerships with key third nations that mirror a steadiness of their wants and EU pursuits.
  • Countering hybrid threats: Well timed, resolute and united EU outreach to companions can convey spectacular outcomes, as demonstrated by the response to the Belarusian regime’s instrumentalisation of migrants. The Fee labored with nations of origin and transit, in addition to with airline corporations and civil aviation authorities, to construct a coalition to counter this hybrid assault.

New Pact on Migration and Asylum

The EU establishments are on good observe to creating progress on the New Pact on Migration and Asylum, additionally supported by the Council Presidencies and the European Parliament. The Pact gives the great strategy wanted to handle migration in an efficient and humane manner.  

The EU Company for Asylum, succeeding the European Asylum Help Workplace, stepped up its operations in January 2022 when the Regulation establishing the Company entered into drive.

On the casual Justice and Residence Affairs Council of three February 2022, the Presidency proposed a step-by-step strategy geared toward in the end resulting in a complete European migration, border and asylum coverage. In Could 2022, the Return Coordinator took workplace on the Fee to advertise a extra coherent and efficient strategy to returns.

In June 2022, beneath the French Presidency, Member States agreed on negotiation mandates for the Screening and Eurodac rules. These are key proposals for higher and simpler procedures to assist sort out irregular migration, enhance returns and higher help the asylum system.

Additionally in June 2022 we welcomed Member States’ political settlement within the Council to start out implementing the voluntary solidarity mechanism. This ensures that nations with out there reception capability specific their solidarity by welcoming individuals. The mechanism is already being applied and the primary relocation already passed off.

The Fee welcomed the political settlement on 7 September between the European Parliament and the Council. We now have a Joint Roadmap on the Frequent European Asylum System and the Pact on Migration and Asylum.

See extra particulars within the report.

Subsequent steps

The previous yr has proven the EU’s capability to behave as a Union of willpower and solidarity to handle the continually shifting challenges and alternatives of migration in the direction of our continent.

As key subsequent steps, the Fee calls on the Member States to implement the Voluntary Solidarity Mechanism and on the Parliament and Council

To implement the joint roadmap with the goal of adopting all proposals on the desk by March 2024. The Fee will current this report on the upcoming JHA Council, the place the subsequent steps within the implementation of the roadmap shall be mentioned.

  • To- To swiftly progress within the negotiations on the Expertise and Expertise package deal (the recast of the Directive on long-term residents and the recast of the Single Allow Directive).
  • The Fee will proceed to help these efforts, and to construct on different elements highlighted by this report.


The New Pact on Migration and Asylum is a key a part of delivering on President von der Leyen’s dedication in her political tips. The primary Report on Migration and Asylum was adopted in September 2021.

The second report covers all elements of migration administration and structural reform of the legislative framework. It additionally presents the EU’s response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine to welcome these fleeing the conflict and to offer life to non permanent migration rights within the EU.